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jueves, 4 de febrero de 2010

Lighea, la sirena del profe

Source by Michele Parisi
The enigmatic Giuseppe Tomasi di Lampedusa wrote one great novel (The Leopard) during his lifetime, but he left us the first chapter of a sequel (The Blind Kittens) to this story of the Sicilian aristocracy in its declining years during the late nineteenth century. Another complete work, featuring a character connected to the novel, is "The Professor and the Mermaid" (also published as "The Siren" and "Lighea"), a short story written in 1957 and, like the other stories, published posthumously a few years later. Told in the first person, the story takes place in 1938, narrated by the grandson of the Prince Fabrizio of The Leopard, a character who died in 1883.
The focus of the story is the experience of an aging professor of classics, once a senator, who the narrator meets and befriends. At a certain point in their acquaintance, the professor recounts his experiences with the mermaid (or siren) Lighea. Discreetly erotic, the tale reflects a sincere venture into the mythological-fantasy genre. Here we find perfect mythological and historical detail, but the message is never very clear.
Is the professor's mermaid a metaphor? We cannot know. Perhaps the story is a meditation on life, mortality, eternity or man's collective memory. Or of the often ephemeral nature of romantic love. Each theme is revealed in the eloquent characterizations of the two men, who develop the relationship of a mentor and his student.
One is struck by the vivid description of Lighea herself --implicitly contrasted to the fickle young lovers of the professor's aristocratic "student/apprentice." The description seems accurate. Even the mermaid's manner of eating is described vividly and, one would like to imagine, accurately.
The story stands on its own, though it is perhaps better appreciated by readers of The Leopard. We may conclude that the author crafted something of himself into the complex personality of the unmarried Professor/Senator Rosario La Ciura. Perhaps most men will see something of themselves in his fantasy, in his search for the perfect woman. There are many ideas to be grasped in this short story --pregnant phrases within pensive passages.
The two central characters of the story are quite cynical about Fascism, then in full flower, but also about a vaguely described "liberation" of Sicily, or at least the way the latter development unfolded. This probably reflects the author's own point of view, and certainly his personal experience. Like the narrator, Giuseppe di Lampedusa himself lost property through looting. (It was during the occupation of Palermo by General Patton's troops, when a temporary void in the rule of law facilitated general plundering.) The anti-Fascist undercurrent is too readily dismissed today, but it was taken more seriously when the story was first published in 1961. The critical remarks were powerful ones not entirely embraced among Italians less than twenty years following the defeat of Fascist military forces (in 1945), and there were still many recently-ex-Fascists in Italian public life in the early 1960s --little changed psychologically from their wartime incarnations.
The professor's strange death precisely mimics that of young Sicilian physicist Ettore Majorana in 1934, a coincidence no critic seems to have noted. Here, too, there seems to be a message. Professor La Ciura passes into the realm of memory; the author's spirit will live forever.

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