Many women experience physical and mood changes around the time of their period, but for some it can be a particularly difficult time.
There are more than 150 symptoms associated with premenstrual syndrome (PMS), but the common ones include low mood and irritability, breast tenderness and bloating.
Typically PMS symptoms appear before in the days before period and cease once menstruation begins.
It is not known what causes PMS but hormonal changes are thought to be involved. PMS severity often increases around hormonal surges, such as puberty and pregnancy.
Women aged 30-45 often experience the most severe PMS.
Treatments are available to ease the symptoms. These include hormonal contraceptives and more potent hormonal drugs.
Some may prefer to try non-hormonal alternatives such as vitamin B6 and evening primrose oil.
Premenstrual Syndrome (PMS) PMS includes both physical and emotional symptoms that many females get right before their periods, such as:
- sore breasts
- food cravings
- depression or feeling blue
- difficulty concentrating
- difficulty handling stress
Different girls may have some or all of these symptoms in varying combinations. PMS is usually at its worst during the 7 days before the period starts and disappears soon after it begins. But girls usually don’t develop symptoms associated with PMS until several years after menstruation starts.