44. Colombia (por las FARC y ELN?)
84. República Dominicana
This is a list of countries by order of appearance in the Failed States Index of the United States think-tank Fund For Peace. A failed state has several attributes. Common indicators include a state whose central government is so weak or ineffective that it has little practical control over much of its territory; non-provision of public services; widespread corruption and criminality; refugees and involuntary movement of populations; sharp economic decline. Since 2005, the index has been published annually by the Fund for Peace and the magazine Foreign Policy.
Change in rank from 2010 is shown in parentheses and the three table headings correspond to those used by the Fund for Peace and Foreign Policy magazine. This is the current list for 2011.
The report uses 12 factors to determine the rating for each nation including security threats, economic implosion, human rights violations and refugee flows.
Indicators of a failed state13 factors are used by Fund For Peace to ascertain the status of a country.
- Mounting demographic pressures.
- Massive displacement of refugees, creating severe humanitarian emergencies.
- Widespread vengeance-seeking group grievance.
- Chronic and sustained human flight.
- Slum creation in poor arenas.
- Uneven economic development along group lines.
- Severe economic decline.
- Criminalization and/or delegitimization of the state.
- Deterioration of public services.
- Suspension or arbitrary application of law; widespread human rights abuses.
- Security apparatus operating as a "state within a state".
- Rise of factionalized elites.
- Intervention of external political agents.